shahnameh , shahnameh summary , persian shahnameh , persian legends - Siavash and Soudabeh
The Story of Siavash and Soudabeh
August 9, 2019

Haji Firuz

Jamshid celebrated Nowruz

Jamshid, the king of ancient Persia, celebrated the first day of spring and called it Nowruz. He picked the day of Nowruz as the beginning of the Persian calendar. Jamshid sat on a throne and demons carried him to the sky. When he landed on the earth, it was the first day of spring that he called that day, Nowruz. Persians used to celebrate this day each year.


There were ceremonies and rituals in Nowruz that changed during the time passed. One of these rituals is the coming of Haji Firooz (it’s like coming of Papa Noel in Christmas). But the essence of Nowruz is celebrating nature’s refreshment and the glory of the sun which will remain unchanged as time goes by. "

Haji Firouz

Haji Firooz represents warmth and the sun; he brings the good news of renewal, he says that the winter has finished and spring is coming; this is a story that traverses the millennia of history and has spent days, months, and years.

The name “Haji Firouz” associated with the culture of Mehr (Mitra) in Persia that Aryan might have been taken it to other countries when migrated from their land. This costume is likely to be orally transmitted into the life and rituals of people of the new lands and mixed with their culture.”


In Greek, it is known as “Hagios the Nazarbad” ("The Victory of the Battle" in Persian). It refers to a mystic who has gone through hardships, darkness, death and frost. He brings good news of Farvardin, Nowruz and warm weather and sun. It might be meaningless for modern people to commemorate the sun and fire and doing Mehr ritual while there are facilities and technology available around however, far in the distant past, cold has been one of the destructive factors of races and civilizations. People had to migrated from their mother land to warm places which are suitable for living.

Haji Firuz’s black face is the symbol of winter and his red cloth refer to sun, fire, death and blood. It is more like Siavash the legend in Persian epics who passed through a fire riding on his black horse. Another example is the god who die in winter and later in spring return to life in Mesopotamia.

Jabbar Farshbaf

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